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Jharkhand
(8,189 words)

The state of Jharkhand, founded in 2000 from the southern districts of Bihar, includes the Chhotanagpur Plateau and the Santal Parganas. Though a “tribal” state, with the Munda, Santal, Ho, and Oraon as the largest tribal populations, it has a Hindu majority, due to immigration from the plains. The terms “tribe” and “tribal” are used to refer to populations who claim to have a distinct identity from the Hindu castes (see Bates, 1995; Carrin, 2008, for a discussion of the term “tribe”; Bhatt, 200…

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Carrin, Marine, “Jharkhand”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 19 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-5019_BEH_COM_1010020020>
First published online: 2018



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