Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

Get access

(8,189 words)

The state of Jharkhand, founded in 2000 from the southern districts of Bihar, includes the Chhotanagpur Plateau and the Santal Parganas. Though a “tribal” state, with the Munda, Santal, Ho, and Oraon as the largest tribal populations, it has a Hindu majority, due to immigration from the plains. The terms “tribe” and “tribal” are used to refer to populations who claim to have a distinct identity from the Hindu castes (see Bates, 1995; Carrin, 2008, for a discussion of the term “tribe”; Bhatt, 200…

Cite this page
Carrin, Marine, “Jharkhand”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

▲   Back to top   ▲