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(3,177 words)

Jīvanmukta is a Sanskrit word that means “one who is already liberated (mukta) even while living in the world (jīvan),” and jīvanmukti is the noun form meaning “liberation while still living in the world.” In other words, jīvanmukti denotes a state of liberation that can be enjoyed even before the demise of the body, which is indeed a bold and innovative concept that at least some schools of Indian philosophy discuss in their texts. In this article I will only address t…

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Rukmani, T.S., “Jīvanmukta”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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