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(3,186 words)

Jīvanmukta is a Sanskrit word that means “one who is already liberated (mukta) even while living in the world (jīvan),” and jīvanmukti is the noun form meaning “liberation while still living in the world.” In other words, jīvanmukti denotes a state of liberation that can be enjoyed even before the demise of the body, which is indeed a bold and innovative concept that at least some schools of Indian philosophy discuss in their texts. In this article I will only address the concept as discussed in Advaita Vedānta,…

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Rukmani, T.S., “Jīvanmukta”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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