Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

Get access

Kīrtan and Bhajan
(9,752 words)

Kīrtan and bhajan, viewed collectively, are the most important and most widely prevalent forms of Hindu devotional musical expression in India, South Asia, and in the diasporas. Appearing in ancient scriptures as simply “praise or worship of a deity,” they were later affixed to musical performance, and for the…

Cite this page
Beck, Guy L., “Kīrtan and Bhajan”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

▲   Back to top   ▲