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Kīrtan and Bhajan
(9,784 words)

Kīrtan and bhajan, viewed collectively, are the most important and most widely prevalent forms of Hindu devotional musical expression in India, South Asia, and in the diasporas. Appearing in ancient scriptures as simply “praise or worship of a deity,” they were later affixed to musical performance, and …

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Beck, Guy L., “Kīrtan and Bhajan”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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