Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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T. Krishnamacharya, who lived for just over a century (1888–1989), is generally acknowledged as the founder of modern postural yoga. His most high-profile direct disciples, all long lived, were B.K.S. Iyengar (1918–), K. Pattabhi Jois (1915–2009), Krishnamacharya’s son T.K.V. Desikachar (1938–), and Indra Devi (1899–2002). It is through them, their students, and their nuancing of Krishnamacharya’s ever-evolving system that the culture and practice of what has been called modern yoya in virtually all of its forms and incarnations can be traced back to this extraor…

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Smith, Frederick, “Krishnamacharya”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 03 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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