Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(3,088 words)

A great many Hindus regularly worship so-called kul deities who may be either goddesses (kuladevīs) or gods (kuladevatās, kuldevas). In many parts of the Indian subcontinent, however, female kul deities are predominant.

A kul deity is the goddess or god of the kinship unit, termed kula or kul, to which an individual Hindu belongs either by birth or by marriage. Depending on region, caste, and local usage, kul may refer to various lev…

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Luchesi, Brigitte, “Kuladevī”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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