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Languages and Literatures of the Vernaculars: North Indian
(12,867 words)

Many Bhaktis: Fluidity of Religious and Language Boundaries

This article will focus on sacred literature now perceived to be “Hindu,” but it will become clear that current perceptions of religious demarcations do not hold good for the premodern period. There is a continuum of literary expression all over North India …

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Pauwels, Heidi, “Languages and Literatures of the Vernaculars: North Indian”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 25 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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