Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(7,398 words)

The Sanskrit word liṅga has a number of different meanings, ranging from characteristic feature, sign, marker, symbol, and emblem, to being the term for an element in standardized forms of logical inference and for the subtle, transmigrating body in philosophical texts. In religious traditions focusing on Śiva as the highest god, the word liṅga refers to an aniconic image often placed in the inner shrine room (garbhagṛha) of a Śiva temple. Mostly, it is made out of stone in the form of a pilla…

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Hohenberger, Angela, “Liṅga”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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