Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(7,254 words)

In village bhajan sessions and urban concert halls, at daily pūjās and seasonal festivals, and at sacred sites and on long pilgrimages, a wide variety of music serves as vehicles for Hindu devotion. The power of music is a prominent theme in South Asian literature and folklore. The Kriyākālaguṇottara, for example, prescribes melodies played on consecrated i…

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Rahaim, Matthew, “Music”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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