Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Rituals devoted to the propitiation and supplication of snakes, nāgas, have been practiced on the South Asian subcontinent for more than two millennia and have spread far beyond India to such places as Tibet, Cambodia, and Indonesia. Moreover, these ritual practices remain relevant for people up to the present day. During nāgapañcamī, the annual festival devoted to the deified snakes in Banaras, for example, thousands of people crowd into the area around Naga Kuan (“Snake Pool”), which is situated in the northwestern sector. At this festival, wh…

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Cozad, Laurie Ann, “Nāgas”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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