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Nyāya and Navyanyāya
(11,224 words)

The name Nyāya, by which one of the major darśanas or schools of philosophical thought in the broad Indian (Brahmanical) system is also known, has its etymological roots in the cryptic term naya, used for the skillful art of reasoning by the famed author of the Arthaśāstra, Kauṭilya (see artha) – writing around 321–296 BCE (which also makes him a distant contemporary of the young …

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Bilimoria, Purushottama, “Nyāya and Navyanyāya”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 26 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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