Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(3,939 words)

Asian merchants have been frequenting East Africa since the 10th century, motivated by exploiting gold mines and trading with the African coastal population, reaching its peak around the 14th century. In the 15th century, when Vasco da Gama first arrived in Mozambique, he discovered an extensive commercial business network connected with India, which left the Portugue…

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Sant'Ana, Helena, “Portugal”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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