Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Śālagrāma or sālagrāma refers to the Shaligram village in Nepal and to the smooth stones or ammonite fossils found in the Gaṇḍakī River near Shaligram. While generally believed to be a natural, complete, and full manifestation of Viṣṇu, and also perceived to be his aniconic form, śālagrāmas are sometimes associated with Śiva as well, and more recently also with Devī. Śālagrāmas are worshipped in temples and in homes, usually by Brahmans.

A śāla…

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Narayanan, Vasudha, “Śālagrāma”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 21 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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