Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(9,289 words)

Sāṃkhya is the name of a system of religious thought associated with a series of key concepts in the Hindu tradition, such as puruṣa, prakṛti, guṇa, sattva, rajas, tamas, buddhi, tattvas, pariṇāma, tanmātras, and kaivalya, and which traces its origin to the sage Kapila. Sāṃkhya terminology and ideas had a history of several hundred years, before the Sāṃkhya system of…

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Jacobsen, Knut A., “Sāṃkhya”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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