Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(6,529 words)

The great systematizer of Advaita Vedānta, Śaṅkara (c. 8th cent. CE) looms large in the history of Indian philosophy and in the religious imagination of Hindus. Viewed at once as a brilliant thinker and great reformer, Śaṅkara’s work and genius have rightly been compared to those of classic philosophers in the West, including Plato, Thomas Aquinas, Spinoza, and Martin Heidegger. While most of the texts traditionally ascribed to Śaṅ…

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Forsthoefel, Thomas, “Śaṅkara”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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