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(4,081 words)

The term soma derives, according to most but not all commentators, from the Sanskrit root su-, meaning a juice that has been pressed out or expressed. A similar derivation applies to the term haoma (from the root hu-) in the Avestan language of the sacred texts (the Avesta) of Zoroastrians. Soma and hao…

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Clark, Matthew, “Soma”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 02 April 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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