Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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The simple geometrical structure of the svastika, which consists of a cross with arms all bent in the same direction either clockwise or counterclockwise at an angle of 900, was most likely not developed in one single region but rather in different regions with or without direct contact with one another. In South Asia, the symbol in its characteristic form can be found already on a seal from the time of the Indus Valley civilization, where it has a labyrinth shape due to its insertion into a square frame and the alternatio…

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Frenger, Marion, “Svastika”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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