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Tamil Texts and Language
(5,302 words)

Tamil (Tam. Tamiḻ) belongs to the Dravidian family of languages and has a continuous literary history that can be traced to at least 1st century CE. It is primarily spoken in South Asia, with the greatest concentration of speakers in the southern state of Tamil Nadu. As a result of migrations and resulting diasp…

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Venkatesan, Archana, “Tamil Texts and Language”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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