Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Tolerance and Responses to Religious Pluralism
(10,287 words)

Although records of its early history are not available, it seems clear that the Hindu religion developed in the same fertile soil that nourished Jainism and Buddhism. All three religions share the presuppositions that karma (the mental trace or seed left behind by each thought or action that predisposes one to a similar thought or action in the future, volition, action), saṃsāra (the world of phenomen…

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Coward, Harold, “Tolerance and Responses to Religious Pluralism”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 19 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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