Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Travel Regulations
(3,055 words)

From the 1880s, as education dispensed in Great Britain commanded for Indians access to new material resources in colonial India, as means for international transportation were modernized and social reforms shook their beliefs regarding pollution, urbanized Hindu elites started questioning the validity of the traditional ban on traveling outside India. Debating whether it jus…

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Clémentin-Ojha, Catherine, “Travel Regulations”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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