Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Travel Regulations
(3,065 words)

From the 1880s, as education dispensed in Great Britain commanded for Indians access to new material resources in colonial India, as means for international transportation were modernized and social reforms shook their beliefs regarding pollution, urbanized Hindu elites started questioning the validity of the traditional ban on traveling outside India. Debating whether it justified exclusion from one’s caste, they found argu…

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Clémentin-Ojha, Catherine, “Travel Regulations”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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