Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Trees and Plants
(5,356 words)

The natural world has consistently been an integral part of Hindu and pre-Hindu thought and practice. This is arguably more the case in Hinduism than it is for most other major religions of the world (Daoism and Shinto possibly excluded), which, despite their origins in specific environments, have by and large been dominated by theologies and ideologies of non-local salvation or enlightenment that leave the natural world of little con…

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Smith, Frederick, “Trees and Plants”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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