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Vedānta: Advaita Vedānta and the Schools of Vedānta
(12,327 words)

Advaita means nondualism or monism. Monism is the doctrine that only one kind of thing really exists. According to Advaita, that basic reality is consciousness. Vedānta is the systematic exegesis of the Upaniṣads, those parts of the infallible and unauthored Vedas (Śruti) that according to orthodox vedic Brahmans are the sole means of knowing (pramāṇa) about anything that transcends sense perception and inference. In short, the scriptures are the only way of knowing about the b…

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Bartley, Christopher, “Vedānta: Advaita Vedānta and the Schools of Vedānta”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 22 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2018

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