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Vedic Gods (Indra, Agni, Rudra, Varuṇa, etc.)
(10,984 words)

The vedic texts (c. 1500–500 BCE; Vedas) praise, mention, or invoke a host of deities, canonically 33 but in fact many more. These deities are regarded as persons but have no manufactured images; some are personified abst…

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Witzel, Michael, “Vedic Gods (Indra, Agni, Rudra, Varuṇa, etc.)”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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