Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Although towns have existed in India since the time of the Indus Valley civilization, centuries before the Common Era, India is popularly known as a land of villages. As of the 2001 census of India, there were over 638 thousand villages with over 741 million people. During the period of British rule (1775–1947 CE), the proportion of rural to total population was about 90%. It has been declining…

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Shah, A.M., “Village”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2018

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