Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(5,116 words)

Although towns have existed in India since the time of the Indus Valley civilization, centuries before the Common Era, India is popularly known as a land of villages. As of the 2001 census of India, there were over 638 thousand villages with over 741 million people. During the period of British rule (1775–1947 CE), the proportion of rural to total pop…

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Shah, A.M., “Village”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 29 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2018

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