Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Swami (Skt. svāmin, master; an honorific title for saṃnyāsins and others) Vivekananda was the monastic name of Narendranath Dutt (1863-1902), the first influential Hindu preacher in the West and founder of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, an organization combining the tradition of renouncement (saṃnyāsa) with a program of spiritual teaching abroad and charitable work in India. He upheld Advaita Vedānta, holding it to be n…

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Killingley, Dermot H., “Vivekananda”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 21 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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