Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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(5,511 words)

The term vrata, meaning “vow” or “votive ritual,” refers to a specific type of Hindu religious observance. A vrata is, essentially, “a religiously sanctioned votive observance, that is, a rite performed at a particular time with a particular desire in mind” (McGee, 1987, 17). Alternatively, vrata may be defined as a type of vow or promise directed toward a deity and associated with a ritual practice (McDaniel, 2…

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Pintchman, Tracy, “Vratas”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 22 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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