Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online

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Yakṣas and Yakṣiṇīs
(3,788 words)

Yakṣas are a class of demigods regarded as attendants of Kubera, the lord of wealth. They are often mentioned together with gandharvas and rākṣasas and other semidivine members of the Hindu pantheon. Their female counterparts are the yakṣīs, also called yakṣiṇīs, sexually voracious beings who are usually not related by marriage to the yakṣas. Both yakṣas and yakṣiṇīs range in disposition from benevolent to malignant. Though they may do harm to human beings as they are believed to cause ailments, they are generally beneficial, especially when propitiated. Yakṣiṇīs are …

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Keßler, Anne, “Yakṣas and Yakṣiṇīs”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2018

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