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Yoga: Haṭha Yoga
(7,176 words)

The word haṭha (lit. force) denotes a system of physical techniques supplementary to yoga more broadly conceived; Haṭha Yoga is yoga that uses the techniques of haṭha. Haṭha Yoga is first referred to by name in Sanskrit texts dating to around the 11th century CE, but some of its techniques can be traced back at least a thousand years earlier, to th…

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Mallinson, James, “Yoga: Haṭha Yoga”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online, Editor-in-Chief Associate Editors Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2018

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