Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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General Abbreviations
(287 words)

app. appendix
approx. approximately
Arab. Arabic
arch. archeological
Ardh.  Ardhamagadhi
Ass. Assamese
astr. astronomical
Aves. Avestan
b. born
Bah.  Bahasa Indonesia
Bal. Balinese
BCE before the Common Era
Beng.  Bengali
bot. botanical
Braj.  Brajbhasha
Burm.  Burmese
c. circa
CE Common Era
cent./cents. century/centuries
ch./chs. chapter/chapters
Chn. Chinese
cit. cited by
comm. commentary
crit. ed. critical edition
d. died
dir. director
diss. dissertation
Drav.  Dravidian
ed./eds. editor, edited by/editors
ET English translation
et al. and others
etym. etymology

Cite this page
“General Abbreviations”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2019

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