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General Abbreviations
(140 words)

app.

appendix

approx.

approximately

b.

born

BCE

before the Common Era

bot.

botanical

c.

circa

CE

Common Era

cent./cents.

century/centuries

ch./chs.

chapter/chapters

cit.

cited by

comm.

commentary

comp.

compiler, compiled by

crit. ed.

critical edition

D.

Digambara

d.

died

diss.

dissertation

ed./eds.

editors, edited by/editors

ET

English translation

et al.

and others

f./ff.

following page/following pages

fem.

feminine

fig.

figure

fl.

floruit

Guj.

Gujarati

Hind.

Hindi

illus.

illustrator, illustrated by

incl.

including

Kan.

Kannada

km

kilometer

l

line(s)

lit.

literally

m

meter

ms…

Cite this page
“General Abbreviations”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 16 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2590-2768_BEJO_COM_035082>
First published online: 2020



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