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Jain Literature in Hindi
(3,404 words)

In discussing Jain literary production in Hindi, one must first come to terms with what exactly constitutes “Hindi” as a literary language. The landscape of premodern North Indian vernacular literature is marked by fluid linguistic, grammatical, and aesthetic boundaries, and attempts to pinpoint exactly when and where “Hindi” composition began have largely relied on reading back onto the past modern political concerns and agendas. Of particular importance to this discussion is the artificial dis…

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Clines, Gregory M., “Jain Literature in Hindi”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2020

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