Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Jain Logic
(4,488 words)

The Doctrine of Anekāntavāda

A Realistic Ontology

It is well known that one of the most emblematic features of Jain philosophy is that it gives a faithful account of reality without excluding any possible perspective. For Jain ontology, which can be defined as a realistic ontology, defends the doctrine of the multiplex nature of reality (anekāntavāda), according to which every substance has an infinite number of characteristics…

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Clavel, Anne, “Jain Logic”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2020

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