Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Jain Society: 1800–1947
(22,173 words)

In 1800, the Jains comprised a large number of highly localized communities defined by caste, language, region, and sectarian tradition. Due to their fragmented nature, it would be more accurate to speak of “Jainisms” than of a single “Jainism.” By 1947, in some way…

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Cort, John E., “Jain Society: 1800–1947”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20180921

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