Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Jain Society: 1800–1947
(21,941 words)

In 1800, the Jains comprised a large number of highly localized communities defined by caste, language, region, and sectarian tradition. Due to their fragmented nature, it would be more accurate to speak of “Jainisms” than of a single “Jainism.” By 1947, in some way…

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Cort, John E., “Jain Society: 1800–1947”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 16 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2020

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