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Jain Universal History
(19,943 words)

“Jain Universal History” is a term coined by Western scholars for the Jain lsegendary history of the world. The world is believed by the Jains to be everlasting, with an uncountable number of progressive and regressive half-cycles of time in certain areas of the universe. In every half-cycle, so-called “illustrious men” (śalākāpuruṣas/mahāpuruṣas) are…

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Esposito, Anna Aurelia, “Jain Universal History”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2020

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