Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Jainism and Buddhism
(6,800 words)

Origins and Encounters

Both the Jain and the Buddhist traditions emerged in India during the 5th century BCE within the area of the ancient kingdoms of Videha and Magadha, known today as the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, and the eastern portion of Uttar Pradesh. At the time of their emergence, two primary religious currents coexisted and influenced each other: a Brahmanical sacrificial tradition based on the authority of the Vedas and a numb…

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Qvarnström, Olle, “Jainism and Buddhism”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 29 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2020

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