Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

Get access

Nonliberated Deities
(14,340 words)

To understand better the somewhat odd concept of “nonliberated deities” in Jainism, it will help first to understand the Jain conception of deity, divinity, and “god,” as well as the connections between liberation and divinity (Cort, 2001, 91–93; Malvania, 1975; Upadhye, 1968–1969; Zydenbos, 2000). At the heart of Jain metaphysics is …

Cite this page
Cort, John E., “Nonliberated Deities”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20180316

▲   Back to top   ▲