Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Six Dravyas
(5,244 words)

From the metaphysical point of view, the position of Jainism is a dualistic one: this universe consists of two fundamental elements referred to by two terms, namely soul (jīva) and non-soul (ajīva). The former denotes that which is sentient, often translated as “soul” and sometimes as “self,” while the latter means those things that are nonsentient. The latter are again divided into two gr…

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Fujinaga, Shin, “Six Dravyas”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Denison University University of Edinburgh University of Bergen University of California, Berkeley John E. Cort, Paul Dundas, Knut A. Jacobsen, Kristi L. Wiley. Consulted online on 29 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2020

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