Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online

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Tapas and Asceticism
(9,221 words)

The foundations and basic framework of tapas are shared by all Jains and have their roots in some of the earliest of shared practices and literatures. The particular ways asceticism manifests may differ depending on the models derived from the narrative literature, and sometimes, regional practices. Accordingly…

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Kelting, M. Whitney, “Tapas and Asceticism”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Jainism Online, Edited by: John E. Cort, Denison University, Paul Dundas, University of Edinburgh, Knut A. Jacobsen, University of Bergen, Kristi L. Wiley, University of California, Berkeley. Consulted online on 20 September 2019 <>
First published online: 2019
First print edition: 20180703

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