Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online

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The Niraṅkārīs, so-called because of their emphasis on the formless nature of God, are a small and little known group of Sikhs whose distinctive origins lie in 19th-century Punjab. There are few primary sources for their early history, the earliest of which are descriptive accounts provided by Protestant missionaries who visited them at their headquarters in Rawalpindi. These were followed by sets of instructions given by Niraṅkārī gurūs, and then by …

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Webster, John C.B., “Niraṅkārī”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Editor-in-Chief Knut A. Jacobsen. Consulted online on 17 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2017

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