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Sikhs and the World Wars
(5,981 words)

The Sikh community has developed many of its religious traditions and ideologies in relation to a long history of military service. Stemming from the turbulent politics of the Punjab region and the oppressive religious policies of several Mughal dynasties, some of these traditions were formalized by Gurū Gobind Siṅgh through the creation of a brotherhood of easily recognizable Sikhs, the Khālsā, in 1699 (Grewal, 1990; Cole & Sambhi, 1978). Although this marked a turnin…

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Weigler, Elizabeth Ann, “Sikhs and the World Wars”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Editor-in-Chief Knut A. Jacobsen. Consulted online on 26 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2017

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