Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online

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The Sikh Ẓafarnāma (Epistle of Victory) is a short Persian narrative poem (a manavī) in epistolary form and Gurmukhi script that is included in the Dasam Granth (Book of the Tenth [Gurū]), a part of the Sikh canon, and can be found on pages 1,389-1,394 of the standard printed edition of 1,436 pages. This work is generally perceived to have been authored by the tenth Sikh gurū, Gurū Gobind Siṅgh (1666-1708), and is thus preceded by the standard formula srī mukh vāk pātiśāhī dasvīn (“uttered from the blessed mouth of the tenth lord”). By virtue of this authorship, the text is a…

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Louis E. Fenech, “Ẓafarnāma”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 21 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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