Egypt in the Middle Kingdom and the 2nd Intermediate period
(1,955 words)

I. The Middle Kingdom (c. 2060–1800 BC)

We cannot pinpoint an exact date, but the Middle Kingdom started when the fragmented country was reunited under Mentuhotep II in the 11th Dynasty. It came to an end with the demise of the 12th Dynasty, which in turn caused the gradual dissolution of state unity. Some scholars regard the 13th Dynasty as part of the Middle Kingdom. The duration of the Middle…

Cite this page
Müller-Wollermann, R., “Egypt in the Middle Kingdom and the 2nd Intermediate period”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 22 September 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241

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