The organization of the Christian church after the Synod of Chalcedon (AD 451)
(1,697 words)



In the 2nd cent., the Christian congregations had moved from collegial leadership by the presbyters – modelled on the structure of authority in the Jewish diaspora communities – to the sole authority of one representative of the congregation, a bishop, who held office by virtue of his auctoritas and dignitas in succession to the Apostles. His sphere of authority usually included a city and the villages and individual farmsteads in its territorium. T…

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Olshausen, E., “The organization of the Christian church after the Synod of Chalcedon (AD 451)”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 3 : Historical Atlas of the Ancient World, English edition by Christine Salazar (2010). Original German-language edition: Historischer Atlas der antiken Welt. Herausgegeben von Anne-Maria Wittke,Eckhart Olshausen und Richard Szydlak. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2007). Consulted online on 24 September 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-8647_bnps3_BNPA228>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004167834, 20091241



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