Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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(13,893 words)

(Διόνυσος/Diónysos, epic Διώνυσος/Diṓnysos; Βάκχος/Bákchos; Latin Dionysus, Bacchus)

A. Myth

It is very difficult in the case of D. to distinguish cult, myth and poetic invention. The factor common to all traditions is of D. as the god of wine and fertility. ‘Transgression’ as a crucial characteristic is directly inherent in his sphere of influence. In Greek antiquity, Diodorus Siculus (1st cent. BC) distinguished two Dionysoi (Diod. Sic. 3,63,3–3,64,7): one a son of Zeus and the earth goddess Demeter (or Persephone) and …

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van Loyen, Ulrich and Regn, Gerhard, “Dionysus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 19 November 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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