Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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(3,384 words)

(Πενθεσίλεια [Penthesíleia]; Latin Penthesilea, Etruscan Pentasila)

A. Myth

P., an Amazon, daughter of Otrere and Ares, appears in the Trojan War amid a horde of Amazons, either seeking renown and hoping to win the right to a man through excellence in battle, or (the more frequent variant) to expiate a blood debt incurred by accidentally killing Priam’s sister Hippolyta. After the death of Hector, P. enters the fray and kills many Greeks, but finally Achilles faces her; he defeats and kills her. As he did before with …

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Greiner, Bernhard, “Penthesilea”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 14 November 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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