Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology

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Silen, Satyr
(5,525 words)

(Σειληνός, Σιληνός [S(e)ilēnós], Dorian Σιλανός [Silanós]; Latin Silanus, Silenus; Σάτυρος [Sátyros]; Latin Satur, Satyrus)

A. Myth

Silens (Si.) and satyrs (Sa.) are coarse, wild, lewd nature-daemones who often pursue the nymphs. Their faces have bestial traits. Their ears, tails and hoofs resemble those of a horse (to this extent, they are related to the Centaurs) or he-goat (from the Hellenistic period, influenced by the Pan type). The upper body is human, but very hirsute. The nose is snub, the mouth larg…

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Ackermann, Christiane, “Silen, Satyr”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements I - Volume 4 : The Reception of Myth and Mythology, English edition by David van Eijndhoven, Christine Salazar, and Francis G. Gentry (2010). Original German-language edition: Mythenrezeption: Die antike Mythologie in Literatur, Musik und Kunst von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Herausgegeven von Maria Moog-Grünewald. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 1. Staffel, herausgegeben von Hubert Cancik, Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, Band 5. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2008). Consulted online on 18 November 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: 9789004183308, 20101111

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