German classical philologist and medievalist. Born Berlin 19. 6. 1861, died Munich 19. 5. 1907. Abitur 1880; then studied classical philology and medieval studies at Munich and briefly at Greifswald. 1883 doctorate at Munich; habil. there 1888. Various tours of Italy. From 1904, prof. of medieval Latin philology at Munich. From 1899 full member of the Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, from 1902 of the Accademia dei Lincei. Died of leukaemia at just 46 years of age.