German poet and translator. Born Oberholzheim (Biberach) 5. 9. 1733, died Weimar 20. 1. 1813. 1750 studied law in Tübingen (abandoned); 1752–1760 guest in the home of Johann Jakob Bodmer, tutor in Zürich and Bern; 1760–1769 chancery director at Biberach; 1769–1772 prof. ext. in philosophy at Erfurt. From 1772, tutor to the future Duke Carl August at the court of Anna Amalia in Weimar (lifelong court pension from 1775); editor of the Teutscher Merkur (1773–1810, from 1790 Neuer Teutscher Merkur) and freelance writer.