Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Aesop
(2,596 words)

(Αἴσωπος/Aísōpos; Latin Aesopus)

A. Historical dimension

Nothing is known for certain of the life of A. whom Antiquity regarded as the father of the fable. He is first mentioned in Herodotus' Histories (2,134,3) as a contemporary and fellow slave of the hetaera Rhodopis, which would suggest that he lived in the first half of the 6th cent. BC [01.134]. Herodotus calls A. logopoiós ("writer, fabulist") and mentions his violent death at Delphi, to which Aristophanes also alludes in the Wasps (422 BC) (1446–1448). The event may have taken place in 564/63 BC (Euseb. Chron…

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Baumbach, Manuel, “Aesop”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004520>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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