Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access

Archimedes
(3,171 words)

(Ἀρχιμήδης/Archimḗdēs; Latin Archimedes; Arabic Arsimidis)

A. Historical dimension

The Greek mathematician and physicist A., born around 287 BC in Syracuse (Tzetz. Chil. 2,35,105), the son of the astronomer Phidias, was part of the circle of King Hieron II of Syracuse (Plut. Marcellus 14,7). According to some sources (Cic. Tusc. 5,64; Sil. 14,343), he was from an impoverished background (discussion: [04.10]). A. spent some time in Egypt (Diod. Sic. 5,37,3), and maintained friendships with the Alexandrian mathematicians of his day (Conon, Dositheus, Era…

Cite this page
De Brasi, Diego, “Archimedes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004555>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



▲   Back to top   ▲